What training should we build for One Health / planetary health?
Wednesday 4 May 14.00
The improvement in health and access to health care has been unquestionable in recent decades. This is mainly due to improved hygiene, higher economic levels and technological advances in both diagnosis and treatment.
At the same time, environmental damage has never been so great and has a negative impact on human health. The influence of environmental degradation on health can manifest itself in different ways:
- Pollution leads directly to illness and death
- Lifestyle habits (sedentary lifestyle, stress, urbanisation, immunisation, etc.) are the source of the increase in pathologies (chronic diseases, obesity, etc.)
- Natural disasters caused by various causes (climate change, environmental disturbances, deforestation, etc.)
- Degradation of food and water resources caused by various factors (climate change, deforestation, pollution, demographic imbalance, etc.)
- Migration caused by resource degradation
- Constraints on the animal world and the environment are sources of antibiotic resistance and the emergence of infectious diseases (Ebola, Zika, Chickungunyia, avian flu, etc.)
Environmental damage will become increasingly important and economic and technological progress will no longer be sufficient to improve human health if we do not act on the environment.
The Planetary Health and One Health approaches encourage us to break out of our silos and develop joint actions that combine human health, animal health and environmental health.
Although this is beginning to be recognised, the introduction of these new concepts into the curricula of professional training courses is embryonic and uneven depending on the discipline.
Nevertheless, many master’s and doctoral courses are being developed around the One Health/Planetary Health themes. Who are these courses aimed at, what are their contents, what are their objectives and how do participants use them?
These are some of the questions we would like to explore in this workshop by sharing the experiences of existing training courses and the expectations of future training courses.